Here it is! The first CD of vocal ensemble Gregoriana called Tempus Adventus. We plan to record the next parts of the edition In Illo Tempore. Its aim is to revive the musical historical pieces from the territory of the present Slovakia up to 1600. In Slovak archives and museums such pieces cannot be counted by hundreds, but surely they deserve our attention. These are mainly the manuscript collections of the monodic (plainchant) liturgical chants, as well as the polyphonic chants of the same kind. You can read in more detail about these historical pieces in the articles of Eva Veselovská and Andrea Meščanová.
In the territory of Slovakia the works of distinguished vocal polyphony authors had been spread in the 16th century period in the cultural environment of modern towns carrying signs of music centres. Church musical production was closely connected with the performing of town schools pupils, who under cantor’s supervision sang regularly choral and polyphonic chants at the church services. Because the printed music were quite expensive then, they were often gained by borrowing and further rewriting into a form of great collection in the manner of a score, which could be read by the whole choir. Rarely were bought suitable music prints, issued in editions of Italian or German printers. The musical prints occurrence is despite the expansion of this convenience in our circumstances rather rare also at the end of the 16th century.
Historical works of monodic liturgical music from the territory of Slovakia represent valuable source material, thanks to which we can reconstruct medieval music culture of our area. There have been preserved only a little number of the complete manuscripts in Slovakia. The majority of the codices originate in the 14th–15th centuries.
Manuscripts of the Former Chapter Library in Bratislava.
The Bratislava Missal I from the former Bratislava´s Chapter library (before 1341, today Bratislava Town Archive EC Lad. 3, EL 18, EC Lad. 1/21, Bratislava City Museum A/9, Spolok sv. Vojtecha (St. Vojtech’s Association) in Trnava; Bratislava Notated Missal, in the central-European area known as Missale Notatum Strigoniense) is one of the most important medieval musical works from the territory of Slovakia. The place of the manuscript’s origin was presumably Esztergom – the main church centre of the medieval Hungary. From the second third of the 14th century was the missal used in Bratislava. The mass chants repertory presents the Esztergom musical and also liturgical tradition. It holds exceptional position in the mass liturgy history, because it is the oldest, nearly completely preserved item of the mass monodic chants in the medieval Hungary.