The third Album of Vocal ensemble Gregoriana — the second one of our series In illo tempore has been released. We have named it according to the liturgical season which it illustrates — Tempus nativitatis (Christmas season).
The aim of the series In illo tempore is to revive the old Slovak musical manuscripts dated before 1600. These are codexes of plainchant as well as polyphonic vocal liturgical music. The Album Tempus nativitatis was made in cooperation with guest conductor Jan Mikušek, who directed our ensemble on our previous CD nova et vetera too.
Sources of plainchant:
- Bratislava Antiphonary I 
- Bratislava Antiphonary IIb [6, 7, 11, 12, 14, 15]
- Bratislava Antiphonary IV [1, 8]
- Bratislava Missal I [4,16]
- Canon Blasius’s Psalter 
Sources of polyphony:
- Anna Hansen-Schuman’s Codex [10, 13, 15, 18]
- Košice Polyphony Codex I 
- Košice Polyphony Codex II 
- Košice Polyphony Codex III [2, 3]
- invitatorium Christus natus est nobis
- Phillipus de Monte: Kyrie (Missa sine nomine)
- Phillipus de Monte: Gloria (Missa sine nomine)
- sequentia: Eia recolamus
- hymnus: A solis ortus cardine
- antiphona: Nesciens Mater - psalmus: 112
- antiphona: Natus est nobis - psalmus: 111
- antiphona: Hodie Christus natus est
- Michele Varotto: Magnificat sexti toni
- Jean Mouton: Hodie Christus natus est
- antiphona: In prole mater - psalmus: 110
- responsorium: Tria sunt munera
- Heinrich Finck: Aequalis aeterno
- antiphona: Ante luciferum - psalmus: 93
- antiphona: Tolle puerum — canticum: Benedictus
- lectio cum tropi: Laudem Deo/Popule gentium
- cantio (plainchant): Dies est laetitiae
- cantio (polyphony): Dies est laetitiae
Buy it online:
Here it is! The first CD of vocal ensemble Gregoriana called Tempus Adventus. We plan to record the next parts of the edition In Illo Tempore. Its aim is to revive the musical historical pieces from the territory of the present Slovakia up to 1600. In Slovak archives and museums such pieces cannot be counted by hundreds, but surely they deserve our attention. These are mainly the manuscript collections of the monodic (plainchant) liturgical chants, as well as the polyphonic chants of the same kind. You can read in more detail about these historical pieces in the articles of Eva Veselovská and Andrea Meščanová.
In the territory of Slovakia the works of distinguished vocal polyphony authors had been spread in the 16th century period in the cultural environment of modern towns carrying signs of music centres. Church musical production was closely connected with the performing of town schools pupils, who under cantor’s supervision sang regularly choral and polyphonic chants at the church services. Because the printed music were quite expensive then, they were often gained by borrowing and further rewriting into a form of great collection in the manner of a score, which could be read by the whole choir. Rarely were bought suitable music prints, issued in editions of Italian or German printers. The musical prints occurrence is despite the expansion of this convenience in our circumstances rather rare also at the end of the 16th century.
Historical works of monodic liturgical music from the territory of Slovakia represent valuable source material, thanks to which we can reconstruct medieval music culture of our area. There have been preserved only a little number of the complete manuscripts in Slovakia. The majority of the codices originate in the 14th–15th centuries.
Manuscripts of the Former Chapter Library in Bratislava.
The Bratislava Missal I from the former Bratislava´s Chapter library (before 1341, today Bratislava Town Archive EC Lad. 3, EL 18, EC Lad. 1/21, Bratislava City Museum A/9, Spolok sv. Vojtecha (St. Vojtech’s Association) in Trnava; Bratislava Notated Missal, in the central-European area known as Missale Notatum Strigoniense) is one of the most important medieval musical works from the territory of Slovakia. The place of the manuscript’s origin was presumably Esztergom – the main church centre of the medieval Hungary. From the second third of the 14th century was the missal used in Bratislava. The mass chants repertory presents the Esztergom musical and also liturgical tradition. It holds exceptional position in the mass liturgy history, because it is the oldest, nearly completely preserved item of the mass monodic chants in the medieval Hungary.